Saturday, February 27, 2010

CASTE SYSTEM

The Caste of Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the birthplace of many castes. It is also home to many other castes and cults founded outside, but who found patronage here. The different schools of thought have rise to various caste movements, reform movements, and philosophical schools of thought. Here's a potpourri of topics on the castes of Andhra Pradesh.
Table of Contents

Brahmins : According Sir S. Radhakrishnan, although used very widely, the term brahmin is not a correct word . In the ancient Hindu texts, the word brahmana is used to indicate "absolute" or the "infinite spirit" of Lord Brahma. In the course of history, as the varna or the caste system developed, the group of priestly people came to be known as brahmanas or brahmins. In this section, the word brahmin is used to refer
to the community of people known as brahmins in today's India. More....
Introduction of Brahmins, Gayatri Mantra, List of Brahmins

Kamma or Chowdhury:
The most influential community in Andhra Pradesh today is the Kamma, or Chowdhary community. In a numerical ranking (by population size) they would probably be fifth or sixth, but they are concentrated in some areas like Krishna, Guntur, Southern parts of the Godavari river delta, Nizamabad in Telangana and some places of Rayalseema like Anantapur. More...


Reddys:
After the kakatiya kingdom broke up, many Reddis migrated to coastal Andhra---Addanki and Kondaveedu, and later Rajahmundry on the Godavari and founded their own independent kingdoms which flourished between 1325-1448 AD. Komati Prolaya Vemareddy , son of Komati Prola reddy founded this kingdom . There are foolish elaborate explanations of why the name Komdi or Komati was their surname (apart from silly fake legends, there is an attempt to disc. More....


Backward Castes:
The Backward Classes community in Andhra Pradesh consists of 92 castes and these castes are categorized into four groups as follows :

Group-A (39 Castes)
Group-B (21 Castes)
Group-C (Harijan Convers)
Group-D (33 Castes)


Mala:
Accurate history of the Malas in Andhra is not well known or thoroughly researched as yet. The Malas seem to hail primarily from the drier upland areas like the Deccan plateau. According to researchers like Ambedkar, the malas and similar communities were actually warriors of some defeated kingdom: they were pushed down in social status. Another story is that the terrible 12 years' drought and famine of 1396 obliged the people to eat anything to survive: some ate dead cattle, and this was noted by other people and they were then pushed down in the social scale from kshatriyas (soldiers) to untouchables. ... More


Madiga
Madigas seem to be a far-flung tribe with similar sounding names like Mandinga noticed in Africa and Southeast asia too. The Madigas are mentioned in very old indian books so they've been in these parts from a long time. The Madigas have a very old tradition of dedicating a couple of girls to a deity, the girls are then called yogin or basavi. While the origin seems to be a ceremony of initiation of female priests (priestesses) and a reflection of matriarchial society, it degenerated by late buddhist and hindu times into nothing more than dancing girls and worse... More

Group-A
Group-B
Group-C
Group-D


Castes are classified as backward if due to their financial, educational and political depression need government reservations to help uplift their status. They are predominantly involved in small scale farming, artisans, small scale traders. They make up about 50% of the population. Poosala Caste People represent 5% of A.P. population, they need justice both politically and economically.

Ayyaraka Patrudu (Merchant, Farmer, Warrior)


Rulers under Chalukyas
Gowda


Alcohol Brewing
Goud
Goud Kala
Bhandari
Edigas
Idiga
Kalal, Kalace
Srisayana (toddy-drawers)
Segidi
Setty Balijas
Yatha




Animal Husbandry
Cattle Herding
Yadava
Golla


Sheep Rearing
Kuruba
Kuruma
Hatkar


Warrior / Hunters
Boyar caste / Boya
Boya / Nayak / Naidu
Boya Talwar/ Talari


Artisans
Ausula (viswakarma | Goldsmith)
Kammari (viswakarma | Blacksmith)
Kamsali (Gold, Silver smith)
Kanchara (viswakarma |Tin,brass, bronze smith)
Kanchari (viswakarma | brass bronze smith )
Silpis (viswakarma | sthapathi |sculptures)
Salivahana
Surya Balija
Ganika (Dancer, singer, poet)
Kalavanthula
Vadla (viswakarma | carpenter)
Vadra (viswakarma | carpenter)
[Vishwakarmas|Vadrangi]
Vaddi (stonecutters and well-diggers)
Vaddera
Vaddelu
Vishwa Brahmin (viswakarma | Goldsmith)
Vishwakarma


Barber (Musicians,Surgeons,Ministers,Leads)
Bhajanthri
Mangali
Mangala
Manthri
Nai
Nayi-Brahmin


Bamboo Workers
Kandra


Basket Weaving
Gundla
Goondla
Gadaba (Forest tribe)
Godaba
Medari


Meat Selling
Aare Katika (were warriors during Shivaji Period)
Katika


Cobbler
Chirakara
Giniyar
Muchi
Nakhas


ceremony singers
jakkali


watch&ward
katipapala


Cotton Spining
Dudekula - Muslim (Cotton cleaners. Also called as Laddaf, Noor Basha, Pinjari. A group of Muslims with Telugu as their mother tongue, found in Andhra Pradesh. Padmasri Shaik China Moulana (Nadaswaram), Padmasri Naazar (Burrakadha) are famous personalities of this Muslim sub-community.)
Laddaf - Muslim
Noor Basha - Muslim
Pinjari - Muslim


Earthen Work
Odde
Oddilu
Uppara
Sagara


Fisherman
Agnikula Kshatriya(andhra vanniyar)
Palli(andhra vanniyar)
Vanniyakula Kshatriya
Besta
Gangavar
Gangaputra
Vanne Kapu, Vanne Reddy(andhra vanniyar)
Jalari
Mudiraju (Fisherman Heads, farmers, warriors)
Mutrasi
Tenugollu
Neyyala
Palli Kapu(andhra vanniyar)
Palli Reddi(andhra vanniyar)
Pattapu
Vada Balija


Other Kshatriya's
Bhavasara Kshatriya(Cloth traders)
Arya Kshatriya


Mali (vegetable and fruit growers)


Tailors, Dyers
Rangarez (Muslim)
Thogati Veera Kshatriya###Thogati

Chippollu
Mera
Meru Darji


Gypsies (Tribal)
Banjara
Kanjara Bhatta
Lambada
Sugalis
Vanjara
Vanjari


Hotel labor
Tammali


Jingara


Kachi (Vegetable-grower)


Kalinga (Tribal farmers)
Koppula Velama
Polinati Velamas
Nagavaddilu
Nagavasam
Nagavamsa


Oil Pressing
Gandla
Sajjana gandla
Ganiga
Devatlila Kula
Teli Kula
Sandlewood Workers
Agaru
Shaman
Jogi (Religious mendicant and pedlar)
Joshinadiwalas (astrologer and village priest)
Traders
Perika
Gavara
Perika Balija
Puragiri Kshatriya
Sadhuchetty
Poosala
Dasari
Weaving
Achukatlavandlu
Dudekula
Devanga
Jandra
Karnabhakthulu
Nossi
Kurni
Koshti
Nakkala
Patkar
Khartri
Padmashali
Nelli
Neelakanthi
Sali
Salivan Padmasali
Senapathulu
Karikalabakthulu
Thogata
Thogata Sali
Veerakshatriya Swakulasali
Narasihma caste

7 comments:



  1. Subhamstu is a growing kamma matrimony website, matrimony service exclusive for kammas around the world. Search kamma brides, kamma grooms and kamma community matching profiles for your life partner here kamma matrimony

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  2. Srisayana Kshatriyas belongs to ganga dynasty.they are not toddy drawers,they are toddy traders.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Srisayana suryavamshi Kshatriyas gotram is ganga.they are ganga vamsa kshatriyas.they are children of gangeya maharaj

    ReplyDelete
  4. Don't create fake blogs. According to Edgar Thurston , srisayana Kshatriyas collect toddy from Toddy tapping castes.they are toddy traders only.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Brother Hashim, first you read about Hindu gotras.gotram meaning vamsam or clan.srisayana ganga vamsa Kshatriyas gotram is ganga.they ruled kalinga from 5th century to15th century.ganga gotra zamindars, Puri and parlakhemedi zamindars belongs to ganga/Gajapathi dynasty Kshatriyas.

    ReplyDelete